It has been said the brain is the final frontier. Advances in science and technology are ever increasing, now affording many the opportunity to embark on this journey. At the forefront of these advances are experts like you and like us. We span the fields of neuroscience, psychophysiology, software architecture, computer science, consciousness, and cognitive and performance psychology. Leveraging a powerful software platform that supports multiple neurotechnologies, our intention is to provide you with the ability to process various biosignals simultaneously for purposes of research and product development.

neuromore is the opportunity to harness technology for your benefit. We work from the inside out. We want to enable people to learn to create new and long-lasting physiological and brainwave patterns. But we don’t just want to provide tips or list benefits of thinking a certain way. We want to create actual physical changes that allow for you to be the person you want to be.

We offer powerful, science-based trainings such Audio Visual Entrainment, EEG (brainwave) training, Heart Rate Variability, and more. Our evidence-based trainings combine research from areas of applied neuroscience, psychophysiology, and cognitive and performance psychology. Research indicates benefits can include improved sleep, mood, business and sports performance, and cognitive performance such as attention, focus, and memory.

Here at neuromore, we believe that everything we know and continue to learn about the body presents a compelling argument — that you are built to be happy and healthy. We want to see your potential realized.

Almost a century of research and over 600 clinical studies exist supporting benefits and efficacy of the approaches and technologies we use. Below you will find information on these technologies, science and seminal research studies supporting our endeavors, and answers to general questions you might have about training your brain and body.

What are “states” and why are they important?

The ability to function well, to respond to the demands of your daily life in a healthy way, necessitates a person readily shift between states — attentional and arousal states. Optimal functioning occurs when a person has good nervous system regulation and the flexibility to readily shift between states. For most of us it is creating and maintaining this flexibility that is the challenge. Research shows bio and neurofeedback and self-regulation skills training as effective in changing your biological patterns and states.

What technologies does neuromore use for “training” and “experiences”?

Advances in technology allow us to not only see, in real time, our physiological and neurophysiological signals, but to even train these for improved functioning and performance. Biofeedback and Neurofeedback training are a few of the only evidence-based, non-pharmacological treatment alternatives available. We primarily use applications in applied neuroscience and psychophysiology including EEG (brain wave) training, heart rate variability training, and audio-visual entrainment. We also incorporate techniques in self-regulation, mindfulness meditation, consciousness, and technologies including binaural beats, tactile feedback, and virtual reality.

What is science of Heart Rate Variability?

Your Heart Rate Variability (HRV) is the interval of time between heart beats, or the interbeat interval (IBI). This amount of time varies and is influenced by multiple biochemical processes and biological rhythms. Research indicates decreased, or low, HRV is associated with mortality risk, decreased immune function, and stress. Low HRV can result from unhealthy and stressful emotional states that disrupt the heart’s rhythms and release a cascade of toxins into the body as well. High HRV is associated with decreased mortality risk, good cardiac health and fitness, healthy immune system function, emotional balance/control, enhanced creativity and performance and an overall good health profile via autonomic nervous system balance.

Current research in psychophysiology suggests each individual has a resonant frequency, which corresponds with their greatest heart rate variability. This frequency is identified by a spike in heart rate variability around 0.1 Hz and is augmented by certain breath patterns unique to the individual as well as certain emotional states like appreciation and calmness. Research also indicates that you can enhance your HRV through training.

Training to improve your HRV can result in a host of benefits: improved emotional control, decreased blood pressure and improved stress management, improved mood, concentration, performance, and HRV directly influences your immune system–your body’s first line of defense via modifications the the balance of glucocorticoids such as cortisol, DHEA (dehydoepiandosterone), and salivary IgA (immunoglobulin A).

Heart Rate Variability

  • Alabdulgader AA (2012), “Coherence: a novel nonpharmacological modality for lowering blood pressure in hypertensive patients.”, Glob Adv Health Med.. Thesis at: Abdullah A. Alabdulgader, DCH (Dublin, Edinburgh), MRCP (UK), ABP, FRCP (Edinburgh), is a senior congenital cardiologist/electrophysiologist practicing pacing and electrophysiology (Alberta, Canada) at Prince Sultan Cardiac Center/Al Ahsa, Saudi Arabia.., May, 2012. Vol. 1(2), pp. 56-64. DOI
  • Bradley RT, McCraty R, Atkinson M, Tomasino D, Daugherty A and Arguelles L (2010), “Emotion Self-Regulation, Psychophysiological Coherence, and Test Anxiety: Results from an Experiment Using Electrophysiological Measures”, Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback., jun, 2010. Vol. 35(4), pp. 261-283. Springer Science $ Business Media. DOI
  • Buchanan TW, Driscoll D, Mowrer SM, Sollers 3rd JJ, Thayer JF, Kirschbaum C and Tranel D (2010), “Medial prefrontal cortex damage affects physiological and psychological stress responses differently in men and women.”, Psychoneuroendocrinology.. Thesis at: Department of Psychology, Saint Louis University, St. Louis, MO 63103, United States. tbuchan7@slu.edu., Jan, 2010. Vol. 35(1), pp. 56-66. DOI
  • Gevirtz R (2013), “The Promise of Heart Rate Variability Biofeedback: Evidence-Based Applications”, Biofeedback., sep, 2013. Vol. 41(3), pp. 110-120. Association for Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback. DOI
  • Ginsberg JP, Berry ME and Powell DA (2010), “Cardiac coherence and posttraumatic stress disorder in combat veterans.”, Altern Ther Health Med.. Thesis at: Dorn VA Medical Center (VAMC), USA.. Vol. 16(4), pp. 52-60.
  • Lloyd A, Brett D and Wesnes K (2010), “Coherence training in children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder: cognitive functions and behavioral changes.”, Altern Ther Health Med.. Thesis at: ADHD Foundation, Liverpool, United Kingdom. tonylloyd50@hotmail.com. Vol. 16(4), pp. 34-42.
  • MacKinnon S, Gevirtz R, McCraty R and Brown M (2013), “Utilizing Heartbeat Evoked Potentials to Identify Cardiac Regulation of Vagal Afferents During Emotion and Resonant Breathing”, Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback., jul, 2013. Vol. 38(4), pp. 241-255. Springer Science $ Business Media. DOI
  • McCraty R and Shaffer F (2015), “Heart Rate Variability: New Perspectives on Physiological Mechanisms, Assessment of Self-regulatory Capacity, and Health risk.”, Glob Adv Health Med.. Thesis at: Center for Applied Psychophysiology, Truman State University, Kirksville, Missouri, (Dr Shaffer), United States.., Jan, 2015. Vol. 4(1), pp. 46-61. DOI
  • Riley K (2011), “Helping Musicians Achieve Peak Performance with Surface Electromyography/Video”, Biofeedback., jun, 2011. Vol. 39(1), pp. 31-34. Association for Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback. DOI
  • Shaffer F, McCraty R and Zerr CL (2014), “A healthy heart is not a metronome: an integrative review of the heart’s anatomy and heart rate variability.”, Front Psychol.. Thesis at: Center for Applied Psychophysiology, Department of Psychology, Truman State University Kirksville, MO, USA.. Vol. 5, pp. 1040. DOI
  • Sherlin L, Gevirtz R, Wyckoff S and Muench F (2009), “Effects of respiratory sinus arrhythmia biofeedback versus passive biofeedback control.”, International Journal of Stress Management. Vol. 16(3), pp. 233-248. American Psychological Association (APA). DOI
  • Thayer JF, Åhs F, Fredrikson M, Sollers JJ and Wager TD (2012), “A meta-analysis of heart rate variability and neuroimaging studies: Implications for heart rate variability as a marker of stress and health”, Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews., feb, 2012. Vol. 36(2), pp. 747-756. Elsevier BV. DOI
  • Thayer JF, Yamamoto SS and Brosschot JF (2010), “The relationship of autonomic imbalance, heart rate variability and cardiovascular disease risk factors”, International Journal of Cardiology., may, 2010. Vol. 141(2), pp. 122-131. Elsevier BV. DOI

What is the science behind Audio Visual Entrainment?

Audio Visual Entrainment (AVE) is a powerful and effective, yet inexpensive, neurotraining technology. This unique modality can simultaneously adjust brainwave frequencies (enhancing or inhibiting), induce meditative states in the brain, increase cerebral blood flow and release of neurotransmitters, and decrease sympathetic activation, within about 20-30 minutes.

In AVE training, your auditory and visual senses are stimulated via synchronous, hemisphere-specific flashing lights and pulsing frequency sounds. These act on a relay system in the brain know as the cortical-thalamic rhythm, or CTR. AVE has the ability to intervene on the CTR, slowing or speeding it, gently guiding the brain into various brain wave patterns to improve your mood, aid with sleep, sharpen your mind and increase levels of relaxation.

Audio Visual Entrainment

  • Berg K and Siever D (2009), “A Controlled Comparison of Audio-Visual Entrainment for Treating Seasonal Affective Disorder”, Journal of Neurotherapy., aug, 2009. Vol. 13(3), pp. 166-175. Informa UK Limited. DOI
  • Budzynski T, Jordy J, Budzynski HK, Tang H-Y and Claypoole K (1999), “Academic Performance Enhancement with Photic Stimulation and EDR Feedback”, Journal of Neurotherapy., oct, 1999. Vol. 3(3-4), pp. 11-21. Informa UK Limited. DOI
  • Howard CE, Graham 2nd L and Wycoff SJ (1986), “A comparison of methods for reducing stress among dental students.”, J Dent Educ., Sep, 1986. Vol. 50(9), pp. 542-544.
  • Joyce M and Siever D (2000), “Audio-Visual Entrainment Program as a Treatment for Behavior Disorders in a School Setting”, Journal of Neurotherapy., jun, 2000. Vol. 4(2), pp. 9-25. Informa UK Limited. DOI
  • Kliempt P, Ruta D, Ogston S, Landeck A and Martay K (1999), “Hemispheric-synchronisation during anaesthesia: a double-blind randomised trial using audiotapes for intra-operative nociception control.”, Anaesthesia.. Thesis at: Department of Epidemiology, Ninewells Hospital, Dundee DD1 9SY, UK.., Aug, 1999. Vol. 54(8), pp. 769-773.
  • Kumano H, Horie H, Kuboki T, Suematsu H, Sato H, Yasushi M, Kamei T and Masumura S (1997), “EEG-driven photic stimulation effect on plasma cortisol and beta-endorphin.”, Appl Psychophysiol Biofeedback.. Thesis at: Department of Human Behavioral Science, School of Medicine, Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan.., Sep, 1997. Vol. 22(3), pp. 193-208.
  • Lane JD, Kasian SJ, Owens JE and Marsh GR (1998), “Binaural Auditory Beats Affect Vigilance Performance and Mood”, Physiology & Behavior., jan, 1998. Vol. 63(2), pp. 249-252. Elsevier BV. DOI
  • Leonard KN, Telch MJ and Harrington PJ (1999), “Dissociation in the laboratory: A comparison of strategies”, Behaviour research and therapy. Vol. 37(1), pp. 49-61. Elsevier.
  • Morse DR and Chow E (1993), “The effect of the Relaxodont brain wave synchronizer on endodontic anxiety: evaluation by galvanic skin resistance, pulse rate, physical reactions, and questionnaire responses.”, Int J Psychosom.. Thesis at: Department of Endodontology, Temple University School of Dentistry, Philadelphia.. Vol. 40(1-4), pp. 68-76.
  • NOMURA T, HIGUCHI K, YU H, SASAKI S-I, KIMURA S, ITOH H, TANIGUCHI M, ARAKAWA T and KAWAI K (2006), “Slow-wave photic stimulation relieves patient discomfort during esophagogastroduodenoscopy”, Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology., jan, 2006. Vol. 21(1), pp. 54-58. Wiley-Blackwell. DOI
  • Ossebaard HC (2000), “Stress reduction by technology? An experimental study into the effects of brainmachines on burnout and state anxiety.”, Appl Psychophysiol Biofeedback.. Thesis at: Trimbos-Institute (Netherlands Institute of Mental Health and Addiction), Utrecht, The Netherlands.., Jun, 2000. Vol. 25(2), pp. 93-101.
  • Padmanabhan R, Hildreth AJ and Laws D (2005), “A prospective, randomised, controlled study examining binaural beat audio and pre-operative anxiety in patients undergoing general anaesthesia for day case surgery”, Anaesthesia., sep, 2005. Vol. 60(9), pp. 874-877. Wiley-Blackwell. DOI
  • Patrick GJ (1996), “Improved neuronal regulation in ADHD: An application of 15 sessions of photic-driven EEG neurotherapy”, Journal of Neurotherapy. Vol. 1(4), pp. 27-36. Taylor & Francis.
  • Rosenfeld JP, Reinhart AM and Srivastava S (1997), “The effects of alpha (10-Hz) and beta (22-Hz) “entrainment” stimulation on the alpha and beta EEG bands: individual differences are critical to prediction of effects.”, Appl Psychophysiol Biofeedback.. Thesis at: Department of Psychology, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois 60208-5190, USA.., Mar, 1997. Vol. 22(1), pp. 3-20.
  • San Martini P, Venturini R, Zapponi GA and Loizzo A (1979), “Interaction between intermittent photic stimulation and auditory stimulation on the human EEG. Preliminary investigation through power spectral analysis.”, Neuropsychobiology. Vol. 5(4), pp. 201-206.
  • Solomon GD (2005), “Slow Wave Photic Stimulation in the Treatment of Headache – a Preliminary Report”, Headache: The Journal of Head and Face Pain., jun, 2005. Vol. 25(8), pp. 444-446. Wiley-Blackwell. DOI
  • Wahbeh H, Calabrese C and Zwickey H (2007), “Binaural Beat Technology in Humans: A Pilot Study To Assess Psychologic and Physiologic Effects”, The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine., jan, 2007. Vol. 13(1), pp. 25-32. Mary Ann Liebert Inc. DOI
  • Wahbeh H, Calabrese C, Zwickey H and Zajdel D (2007), “Binaural Beat Technology in Humans: A Pilot Study to Assess Neuropsychologic, Physiologic, And Electroencephalographic Effects”, The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine., mar, 2007. Vol. 13(2), pp. 199-206. Mary Ann Liebert Inc. DOI
  • Williams J (2001), “Frequency-specific effects of flicker on recognition memory”, Neuroscience., may, 2001. Vol. 104(2), pp. 283-286. Elsevier BV. DOI
  • Williams J, Ramaswamy D and Oulhaj A (2006), “10 Hz flicker improves recognition memory in older people”, BMC Neuroscience. Vol. 7(1), pp. 21. Springer Science $ Business Media. DOI

Is this effective for improving sleep?

Your brain should physically slow during times of sleep preparation and sleep. A growing body of research indicates neurofeedback and heart rate variability as effective interventions for insomnia and other sleep problems.

Sleep

  • Bell JS (1979), “The use of EEG theata biofeedback in the treatment of a patient with sleep-onset insomnia”, Biofeedback and Self-Regulation., sep, 1979. Vol. 4(3), pp. 229-236. Springer Science $ Business Media. DOI
  • Berner I, Schabus M, Wienerroither T and Klimesch W (2006), “The Significance of Sigma Neurofeedback Training on Sleep Spindles and Aspects of Declarative Memory”, Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback., jun, 2006. Vol. 31(2), pp. 97-114. Springer Science $ Business Media. DOI
  • Buckelew SP, DeGood DE, Taylor J, Cunningham NB, Thornton J and MacKewn A (2013), “Neuroflexibility and Sleep Onset Insomnia Among College Students: Implications for Neurotherapy”, Journal of Neurotherapy., apr, 2013. Vol. 17(2), pp. 106-115. Informa UK Limited. DOI
  • Cortoos A, Valck ED, Arns M, Breteler MHM and Cluydts R (2009), “An Exploratory Study on the Effects of Tele-neurofeedback and Tele-biofeedback on Objective and Subjective Sleep in Patients with Primary Insomnia”, Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback., oct, 2009. Vol. 35(2), pp. 125-134. Springer Science $ Business Media. DOI
  • Cortoos A, Verstraeten E and Cluydts R (2006), “Neurophysiological aspects of primary insomnia: Implications for its treatment”, Sleep Medicine Reviews., aug, 2006. Vol. 10(4), pp. 255-266. Elsevier BV. DOI
  • Daley M, Morin CM, LeBlanc Mé, Grégoire J-P and Savard J (2009), “The economic burden of insomnia: direct and indirect costs for individuals with insomnia syndrome, insomnia symptoms, and good sleepers.”, Sleep.. Thesis at: Ecole de psychologie, Université Laval, Québec, Canada.., Jan, 2009. Vol. 32(1), pp. 55-64.
  • Hammer BU, Colbert AP, Brown KA and Ilioi EC (2011), “Neurofeedback for Insomnia: A Pilot Study of Z-Score SMR and Individualized Protocols”, Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback., jul, 2011. Vol. 36(4), pp. 251-264. Springer Science $ Business Media. DOI
  • Hammond DC (2012), “Neurofeedback Treatment of Restless Legs Syndrome and Periodic Leg Movements in Sleep”, Journal of Neurotherapy., apr, 2012. Vol. 16(2), pp. 155-163. Informa UK Limited. DOI
  • Hauri P (1981), “Treating Psychophysiologic Insomnia With Biofeedback”, Arch Gen Psychiatry., jul, 1981. Vol. 38(7), pp. 752. American Medical Association (AMA). DOI
  • Hauri PJ, Percy L, Hellekson C, Hartmann E and Russ D (1982), “The treatment of psychophysiologic insomnia with biofeedback: a replication study.”, Biofeedback Self Regul., Jun, 1982. Vol. 7(2), pp. 223-235.
  • Hoedlmoser K, Pecherstorfer T, Gruber G, Anderer P, Doppelmayr M, Klimesch W and Schabus M (2008), “Instrumental conditioning of human sensorimotor rhythm (12-15 Hz) and its impact on sleep as well as declarative learning.”, Sleep.. Thesis at: University of Salzburg, Department of’Psychology, Division of Physiological Psychology, Salzburg, Austria. kerstin.hoedlmoser@sbg.ac.at., Oct, 2008. Vol. 31(10), pp. 1401-1408.
  • NIH (2005), “NIH State-of-the-Science Conference Statement on manifestations and management of chronic insomnia in adults.”, NIH Consens State Sci Statements. Vol. 22(2), pp. 1-30.
  • Sittenfeld P, Budzynski T and Stoyva J (1976), “Differential shaping of EEG theta rhythms.”, Biofeedback Self Regul., Mar, 1976. Vol. 1(1), pp. 31-46.
  • Sterman MB, Howe RC and Macdonald LR (1970), “Facilitation of Spindle-Burst Sleep by Conditioning of Electroencephalographic Activity While Awake”, Science., feb, 1970. Vol. 167(3921), pp. 1146-1148. American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). DOI
  • Tang H-YJ, Riegel B, McCurry SM and Vitiello MV (2015), “Open-Loop Audio-Visual Stimulation (AVS): A Useful Tool for Management of Insomnia?”, Appl Psychophysiol Biofeedback.. Thesis at: Health Science Center, School of Nursing, University of Washington, 1959 NE Pacific St., Box 357263, Seattle, WA, 98195-7263, USA, jeantang@u.washington.edu.., Aug, 2015. DOI

Is this effective for emotion regulation?

Your ability to function well throughout the day depends on a number of neurobiological and metabolic processes and your ability to influence and regulate these processes. There are even specific brain and body patterns associated with stress, anxiety, frustration, and more. Brain training can help with awareness and actual physiological change of these patterns.

Anxiety

  • Chisholm RC, DeGood DE and Hartz MA (1977), “Effects of Alpha Feedback Training on Occipital EEG, Heart Rate, and Experiential Reactivity to a Laboratory Stressor”, Psychophysiology., mar, 1977. Vol. 14(2), pp. 157-163. Wiley-Blackwell. DOI
  • Fisher S (2006), “FPO2 and the regulation of fear”, ISNR J Newsletter. Vol. 15, pp. 117.
  • Garrett B and Silver M (1976), “The use of EMG and alpha biofeedback to relieve test anxiety in college students”, Biofeedback, behavior therapy, and hypnosis. Chicago7 Nelson-Hall.
  • HAMMOND D (2005), “Neurofeedback with anxiety and affective disorders”, Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America., jan, 2005. Vol. 14(1), pp. 105-123. Elsevier BV. DOI
  • Hammond DC (2001), “Comprehensive neurofeedback bibliography”, Journal of Neurotherapy. Vol. 5(1/2), pp. 113-128. Society for the Study of Neuronal Regulation; 1998.
  • Hardt J and Kamiya J (1978), “Anxiety change through electroencephalographic alpha feedback seen only in high anxiety subjects”, Science., jul, 1978. Vol. 201(4350), pp. 79-81. American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). DOI
  • Holmes DS, Burish TG and Frost RO (1980), “Effects of instructions and biofeedback on EEG-alpha production and the effects of EEG-alpha biofeedback training for controlling arousal in a subsequent stressful situation”, Journal of Research in Personality., jun, 1980. Vol. 14(2), pp. 212-223. Elsevier BV. DOI
  • Huang-Storms L, Bodenhamer-Davis E, Davis R and Dunn J (2007), “QEEG-Guided Neurofeedback for Children with Histories of Abuse and Neglect: Neurodevelopmental Rationale and Pilot Study”, Journal of Neurotherapy., mar, 2007. Vol. 10(4), pp. 3-16. Informa UK Limited. DOI
  • Keller I (2001), “Neurofeedback Therapy of Attention Deficits in Patients with Traumatic Brain Injury”, Journal of Neurotherapy., oct, 2001. Vol. 5(1-2), pp. 19-32. Informa UK Limited. DOI
  • Kerson C, Sherman RA and Kozlowski GP (2009), “Alpha Suppression and Symmetry Training for Generalized Anxiety Symptoms”, Journal of Neurotherapy., aug, 2009. Vol. 13(3), pp. 146-155. Informa UK Limited. DOI
  • Kirschbaum J and Gistl E (1973), “Correlations of alpha percentage in EEG, alpha feedback, anxiety scores from MAS and MMQ.”, Archiv für Psychologie. Bouvier Verlag Herbert Grundmann.
  • McKnight JT and Fehmi LG (2001), “Attention and Neurofeedback Synchrony Training: Clinical Results and Their Significance”, Journal of Neurotherapy., oct, 2001. Vol. 5(1-2), pp. 45-61. Informa UK Limited. DOI
  • Moore NC (2000), “A review of EEG biofeedback treatment of anxiety disorders.”, Clin Electroencephalogr.. Thesis at: Brain Research Center, Mercer University School of Medicine, Macon, GA 31207, USA.., Jan, 2000. Vol. 31(1), pp. 1-6.
  • Norris SL, Lee C-T, Burshteyn D and Cea-Aravena J (2000), “The Effects of Performance Enhancement Training on Hypertension, Human Attention, Stress, and Brain Wave Patterns”, Journal of Neurotherapy., sep, 2000. Vol. 4(3), pp. 29-44. Informa UK Limited. DOI
  • Plotkin WP and Rice KM (1981), “Biofeedback as a placebo: anxiety reduction facilitated by training in either suppression or enhancement of alpha brainwaves.”, J Consult Clin Psychol., Aug, 1981. Vol. 49(4), pp. 590-596.
  • Rice KM, Blanchard EB and Purcell M (1993), “Biofeedback treatments of generalized anxiety disorder: preliminary results.”, Biofeedback Self Regul.. Thesis at: State University of New York, Albany.., Jun, 1993. Vol. 18(2), pp. 93-105.
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  • Thomas JE and Sattlberger E (1997), “Treatment of Chronic Anxiety Disorder with Neurotherapy”, Journal of Neurotherapy., apr, 1997. Vol. 2(2), pp. 14-19. Informa UK Limited. DOI
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  • Vanathy S, Sharma P and Kumar K (1998), “The efficacy of alpha and theta neurofeedback training in treatment of generalized anxiety disorder”, Indian Journal of Clinical Psychology. Vol. 25, pp. 136-143. INDIAN ASSOCIATION OF CHEMICAL PSYCHOLOGISTS.

Is this effective for ADHD/ADD?

Many experts in the field of ADHD/ADD are using bio and neurofeedback in their practices. With support from hundreds of studies, this approach is now receiving national recognition from the media, consumers, scientific researchers, and the medical community. Recently, the Amer­i­can Academy of Pedi­atrics sited neurofeedback and biofeed­back as “Level 1 Research” or Best Sup­ported interventions for attention disorders.

ADD/ADHD & Learning disabilities

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Can this improve my cognitive performance?

The ability to focus or concentrate on a task is essential for learning and requires a certain brain state. However, many of us alternate between extreme states of inattention and hyperfocus. These are less flexible and inefficient brain states, which often precludes information integration, clarity in problem solving, or appropriate emotional responses. Brain training promotes mental flexibility and creates an avenue for shifting attention and focus when needed.

Cognitive Performance

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Can this improve my performance at work and home?

Professionals of any kind are expected to effectively perform under pressure. While optimal performance in such an environment may be difficult, it is an attainable goal with the appropriate training. For example, corporate “athletes” excel when they can be flexibly shifting between states of more active engagement, focused concentration and attentiveness to more restorative states of information integration and mindfulness. While sports athletes or performers may desire decreased levels of anxiety, more time in the “zone”, better “flow”, improved endurance and accuracy, better concentration without hyper/overfocus, or the ability to induce or reduce energy intensity. Because these state shifts relate to specific brain frequencies and physiological responses, enhanced bio- and neuro-regulation is a key to maximizing performance.

Peak Performance

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  • Dogris NJ (2012), “The Effect of Neurofield Pulsed EMF on Parkinsontextquotesingles Disease Symptoms and QEEG”, Journal of Neurotherapy., jan, 2012. Vol. 16(1), pp. 53-59. Informa UK Limited. DOI
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  • Erickson-Davis CR, Anderson JS, Wielinski CL, Richter SA and Parashos SA (2012), “Evaluation of Neurofeedback Training in the Treatment of Parkinsontextquotesingles Disease: A Pilot Study”, Journal of Neurotherapy., jan, 2012. Vol. 16(1), pp. 4-11. Informa UK Limited. DOI
  • Gruzelier J (2008), “A theory of alpha/theta neurofeedback, creative performance enhancement, long distance functional connectivity and psychological integration”, Cogn Process., dec, 2008. Vol. 10(S1), pp. 101-109. Springer Science $ Business Media. DOI
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What are the neural mechanisms of meditation?

Several studies have investigated brain changes, also called neuroplasticity, resulting from mindfulness meditation. Based on clinical trials, there is growing efficacy for use of mindfulness meditation in addressing issues including anxiety, depression, addiction, attention, and others.

Meditation

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  • Goldin P, Ziv M, Jazaieri H, Hahn K and Gross JJ (2012), “MBSR vs aerobic exercise in social anxiety: fMRI of emotion regulation of negative self-beliefs”, Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience., may, 2012. Vol. 8(1), pp. 65-72. Oxford University Press (OUP). DOI
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  • Holzel BK, Lazar SW, Gard T, Schuman-Olivier Z, Vago DR and Ott U (2011), “How Does Mindfulness Meditation Work? Proposing Mechanisms of Action From a Conceptual and Neural Perspective”, Perspectives on Psychological Science., oct, 2011. Vol. 6(6), pp. 537-559. SAGE Publications. DOI
  • Luders E, Clark K, Narr KL and Toga AW (2011), “Enhanced brain connectivity in long-term meditation practitioners”, NeuroImage., aug, 2011. Vol. 57(4), pp. 1308-1316. Elsevier BV. DOI
  • MacCoon DG, Imel ZE, Rosenkranz MA, Sheftel JG, Weng HY, Sullivan JC, Bonus KA, Stoney CM, Salomons TV, Davidson RJ and Lutz A (2012), “The validation of an active control intervention for Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction (MBSR)”, Behaviour Research and Therapy., jan, 2012. Vol. 50(1), pp. 3-12. Elsevier BV. DOI
  • Robins CJ, Keng S-L, Ekblad AG and Brantley JG (2011), “Effects of mindfulness-based stress reduction on emotional experience and expression: a randomized controlled trial”, Journal of Clinical Psychology., dec, 2011. Vol. 68(1), pp. 117-131. Wiley-Blackwell. DOI
  • Rosenkranz MA, Davidson RJ, MacCoon DG, Sheridan JF, Kalin NH and Lutz A (2013), “A comparison of mindfulness-based stress reduction and an active control in modulation of neurogenic inflammation”, Brain, Behavior, and Immunity., jan, 2013. Vol. 27, pp. 174-184. Elsevier BV. DOI
  • Tang Y-Y, Hölzel BK and Posner MI (2015), “The neuroscience of mindfulness meditation”, Nature Reviews Neuroscience., mar, 2015. Vol. 16(4), pp. 213-225. Nature Publishing Group. DOI
  • Tang Y-Y, Lu Q, Geng X, Stein EA, Yang Y and Posner MI (2010), “Short-term meditation induces white matter changes in the anterior cingulate”, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences., aug, 2010. Vol. 107(35), pp. 15649-15652. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. DOI
  • Tang Y-Y, Rothbart MK and Posner MI (2012), “Neural correlates of establishing, maintaining, and switching brain states”, Trends in Cognitive Sciences., jun, 2012. Vol. 16(6), pp. 330-337. Elsevier BV. DOI

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